Submission Guidelines

Preparing Your Paper

Word Limits: A typical paper for this journal should be between 6000 and 10000 words, inclusive of tables, references, figures, captions, footnotes and appendices. Manuscripts should be submitted in Word. Manuscripts with mathematical content can also be submitted in LaTeX. See Author Guidelines for the required submission format.


(1) Author details, including the 16-digit ORCID of the author(s)
(2) An unstructured abstract of no more than 200 words
(3) Graphical abstract (optional)
(4) Ethics approval
(5) You can opt to include a video abstract with your article (recommended file formats with a preferred maximum size of 150 MB per file, 1 GB in total)
(6) Provide 4 to 6 keywords that can be used for indexing purposes
(7) Funding details. Please supply all details required by your funding and grant-awarding bodies
(8) Disclosure statement
(9) Biographical note (e.g. no more than 200 words)
(10) Data availability statement
(11) Data deposition
(12) Geolocation information
(13) Supplemental online material (if any)
(14) Figures, Captions (if any)
(15) Tables (if any)
(16) Equations (if any)
(17) The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text.
(18) Designate one author as the Corresponding Author, with contact details:
E-mail address
Full postal address
Phone number including country code

Using Third-Party Materials in your Paper:

You must obtain the necessary permission to reuse third-party materials in your article.

Publication Charges:

There are no submission fees. The publication fee for this journal is 2000 RMB, for students (postgraduate, PhD), the publication fee is 1000 RMB.